President officially authorized a 1.4% pay raise for 2018. View 2018 GS Pay Scale and localities now!

Department of Education - Federal Departments

Year Founded:
$45B / year
Employee Expense:
$471.04M in 2016

The Federal Government is broken down into fifteen departments, each of which consists of a number of sub-departments and organizational groups tasked with accomplishing the Department's overall goals.

The United States Department of Education was established by the Department of Education Organization Act of 1979. The ED or DoED is tasked to give students the opportunity to achievement in our nations schools, to ensure U.S. students are competitive on a global scale, and to provide equal access to education. The Department of Educations actions include distributing federal financial aid for education, collect quantitative information on students performance, steer the nation on key education policy issues and prevent discrimination in our schools while striving for equal access for all.

Who does the Department of Education hire?

The ED hirers educators, psychiatrists, cognitive specialists, scientists, audiologists, and speech pathologists in addition to the types of positions that all organizations have such as IT, computer scientists, and cybersecurity experts, lawyers, and administrative and financial officers.

In 2016, the most common occupation employed by the Department of Education was Management And Program Analysis at 353 employees. The second largest occupation was General Business And Industry with 342 employees.

The Department of Education has their largest office in Washington D.C. with other smaller offices throughout the country. These satellite locations include Boston, Chicago, Kansas City, and Atlanta among others.

History of the Department of Education

In 1867 there was a Department of Education for a short time before being demoted the following year to an agency within the Department of the Interior. Over the next century, numerous agencies and organizations were created to provide federal support for education.

On October 17, 1979 President Lyndon Johnson signed legislation that consolidated these separate agencies and upgraded the new department to cabinet-level. The creation of the Education Department was highly contested. Education is not explicitly mentioned anywhere in the Constitution. As a result, many argue that the Education Department oversteps the federal government role and imposes on a state and local issue. The creation of the ED was even opposed by the American Federation of Teachers. Despite this controversy, overwhelming support by Democrats and other teacher's organizations helped to propel the legislation through Congress.

Average Pay of an Employee in the Department of Education

Year Average Pay
2004 $79667.63
2005 $84304.95
2006 $88830.48
2007 $89889.25
2008 $93336.60
2009 $98413.87
2010 $101715.10
2011 $98266.50
2012 $100157.85
2013 $100712.83
2014 $102103.91
2015 $104823.45
2016 $104007.89

Agencies in the Department of Education (2016)

Agency Employee Count Total Salary Expense Average Pay
Federal Student Aid 1,357 $145.47M $107,203
Office for Civil Rights 604 $63.62M $105,339
Office of Elementary and Secondary Education 244 $24.75M $102,678
Office of Inspector General (Department of Education) 233 $25.98M $111,482
Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Service 209 $24.03M $114,957
Office of Management (Department of Education) 204 $21.65M $106,104
Institute of Education Sciences 193 $23.38M $121,147
Office of Postsecondary Education 190 $20.03M $108,854
Office of the Chief Financial Officer (Department of Education) 178 $19.3M $108,444
Office of Communications and Outreach 125 $13.19M $109,043
Office of the Chief Information Officer (Department of Education) 125 $15.9M $127,233
Office of the General Counsel (Department of Education) 116 $14.81M $127,632
Immigration Office of Secretary of Education 108 $12.16M $116,938
Office of Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development 104 $13.06M $126,837
Office of Innovation and Improvement 84 $9.02M $107,333
Office of Vocational and Adult Education 72 $8.11M $114,242
Office of the Under Secretary (Department of Education) 61 $4.94M $112,262
Office of the Deputy Secretary of Education 45 $5.74M $127,464
National Assessment Governing Board 31 $1.88M $64,884
Office of Legislation and Congressional Affairs 20 $2.14M $107,011
Office of English Language Acquisition 16 $1.81M $112,918
Advisory Councils and Committees 10 $52,176 $26,088
National Institute for Literacy 1 $26,088 $26,088

Data Sources

The information provided on these pages is sourced from the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) Enterprise Human Resources Integration (EHRI) dataset. Postal Service data is managed exclusively by the USPS . All information is displayed unmodified and as provided by the source agency.

Federal employee salaries are public information under open government laws (5 U.S.C. § 552). FederalPay provides this data in the interest of government transparency — employee data may not be used for commercial soliciting or vending of any kind. Learn more about the FederalPay Employees Dataset here.

Back to List of Departments
Mailing List:

Join the our mailing list to receive an update when 2017 rates are available.

** This Document Provided By - The Civil Employee's Resource **