BAH, BAS, and Military Incentive Payscales for 2020
Basic Allowance for Housing (BAH)
BAH is an allowance meant to offset costs for a servicemember's housing. It is based on geographic duty location, pay grade, and dependency status. The allowance amount is linked to housing costs in local civilian housing markets within the U.S. when government quarters are not provided.
A uniformed member stationed outside the U.S., including U.S. territories and possessions, is eligible for the Overseas Housing Allowance (OHA). Unlike BAH, OHA reimburses only actual rent paid.
2019 Basic Allowance for Housing in
With Dependentsper year per month
Without Dependentsper year per month
Upcoming changes to Basic Allowance for Housing
Current legislation called the 2017 National Defense Authorization Act aims to overhaul the BAH system to only cover actual rent expenses, rather than a flat amount, similar to the way that Overseas Housing Allowance currently works. These changes could occur as early as 2018.
Basic Allowance for Subsistence (BAS)
Basic Allowance for Subsistence is a monthly allowance meant to offset costs for a servicemember's meals. All enlisted members get full BAS, but pay for their meals, including those provided by the government.
BAS is linked to the price of food. Each year it is adjusted to account for the increase in food prices, as measured by the USDA food cost index. This is why the increase to BAS will not necessarily be the same percentage as that applied to the increase in the pay table, as annual pay raises are linked to the increase of private sector wages.
|Year||Enlisted BAS||Officer BAS|
Members of the Army Reserves and the Army National Guard receive drill pay to compensate them for regular training and drills. Like Basic Pay, drill compensation is based on paygrade and years of experience. Drill pay tables can be found here.