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Department of Labor - Federal Departments

Year Founded:
$138B / year
Employee Expense:
$1.32B in 2018

The Federal Government is broken down into fifteen departments, each of which consists of a number of sub-departments and organizational groups tasked with accomplishing the Department's overall goals.

The United States Department of Labor works to guarantee livable wages, safe working conditions, and fair employment practices such as equal opportunity employment for all Americans. The DOL works to provide unemployment benefits for millions of Americans who lost their job through no fault of their own and provide reemployment services to those who need it. DOL also keeps economic and labor statistics.

Who does the Department of Labor hire?

The DOL hires economists, accountants, lawyers, statisticians and financial experts as well social workers and experts in specialized fields such as mine safety experts.

In 2018, the most common occupation employed by the Department of Labor was Mine Safety And Health Inspection Series at 1,259 employees. The second largest occupation was Wage And Hour Investigation Series with 1,246 employees.

Based in Washington D.C. the Department of Labor has offices across the country and in most major cities.

History of the Department of Labor

The Department of Labor started as the Department of Commerce and Labor and split into its own department on March 4, 1913. The new Department absorbed the Bureau of Labor Statistics from the Department of the Interior and became a Cabinet-level Department.

The Department of Labor has helped to pass important legislation to protect workers including the Federal Employees Compensation act of 1916 which provided benefits of people who were injured on the job.

In the 1960s there was an effort to consolidate the Department of Labor and the Department of Commerce back into a single department. Combining the departments would cut overhead and improve communication between the two similar departments. The two departments have similar goals; however they tend to pursue their goals in different ways. In the end, congress made no action to rejoin the departments.

In the 1970s the DoL played a key role in the Civil Rights Movement. The DoL made a concerted effort to ensure African Americans were represented in labor unions across the country.

Average Pay of an Employee in the Department of Labor

Year Average Pay
2004 $79101.66
2005 $82183.10
2006 $85542.81
2007 $88375.65
2008 $93082.80
2009 $95181.29
2010 $96772.53
2011 $94830.03
2012 $93990.69
2013 $96174.19
2014 $98333.99
2015 $99180.09
2016 $101346.93
2017 $104733.08
2018 $106440.52

Agencies in the Department of Labor (2018)

Agency Employee Count Total Salary Expense Average Pay
Bureau of Labor Statistics 2,311 $217.43M $94,127
Mine Safety and Health Administration 2,067 $167.59M $88,672
Occupational Safety and Health Administration 1,933 $174.35M $98,334
Wage and Hour Division 1,671 $134.74M $89,352
Office of Workers' Compensation Programs 1,441 $133.82M $92,932
Employment and Training Administration 1,116 $118.42M $106,205
Employee Benefits Security Administration 881 $37.34M $105,175
Office Assistant Secretary Administration and Management 753 $79.53M $107,331
Office of the Solicitor (Department of Labor) 669 $84.13M $125,756
Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs 518 $49.7M $95,938
Office of the Inspector General (Department of Labor) 346 $22.45M $118,764
Office of Secretary of Labor 311 $33.15M $107,621
Veterans Employment and Training Service 229 $22.41M $98,271
Office of Labor-Management Standards 191 $4.06M $109,626
Bureau of International Labor Affairs 111 $13.23M $119,175
Office of the Chief Financial Officer (Department of Labor) 97 $10.79M $111,200
Office of Public Affairs 53 $6.22M $117,405
Office of Disability Employment Policy 47 $5.48M $116,585
Women's Bureau 40 $4.11M $102,819
Office of Assistant Secretary for Policy 35 $4.4M $125,681
Office of Congressional & Intergovernmental Affairs (Department of Labor) 13 $1.36M $104,280

Data Sources

The information provided on these pages is sourced from the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) Enterprise Human Resources Integration (EHRI) dataset. Postal Service data is managed exclusively by the USPS . All information is displayed unmodified and as provided by the source agency.

Federal employee salaries are public information under open government laws (5 U.S.C. § 552). FederalPay provides this data in the interest of government transparency — employee data may not be used for commercial soliciting or vending of any kind. Learn more about the FederalPay Employees Dataset here.

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** This Document Provided By - The Civil Employee's Resource **