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Department of Labor - Federal Departments

Year Founded:
$138B / year
Employee Expense:
$1.4B in 2021

The Federal Government is broken down into fifteen departments, each of which consists of a number of sub-departments and organizational groups tasked with accomplishing the Department's overall goals.

The United States Department of Labor works to guarantee livable wages, safe working conditions, and fair employment practices such as equal opportunity employment for all Americans. The DOL works to provide unemployment benefits for millions of Americans who lost their job through no fault of their own and provide reemployment services to those who need it. DOL also keeps economic and labor statistics.

Who does the Department of Labor hire?

The DOL hires economists, accountants, lawyers, statisticians and financial experts as well social workers and experts in specialized fields such as mine safety experts.

In 2021, the most common occupation employed by the Department of Labor was Economist at 1,150 employees. The second largest occupation was Wage And Hour Investigation Series with 1,120 employees.

Based in Washington D.C. the Department of Labor has offices across the country and in most major cities.

History of the Department of Labor

The Department of Labor started as the Department of Commerce and Labor and split into its own department on March 4, 1913. The new Department absorbed the Bureau of Labor Statistics from the Department of the Interior and became a Cabinet-level Department.

The Department of Labor has helped to pass important legislation to protect workers including the Federal Employees Compensation act of 1916 which provided benefits of people who were injured on the job.

In the 1960s there was an effort to consolidate the Department of Labor and the Department of Commerce back into a single department. Combining the departments would cut overhead and improve communication between the two similar departments. The two departments have similar goals; however they tend to pursue their goals in different ways. In the end, congress made no action to rejoin the departments.

In the 1970s the DoL played a key role in the Civil Rights Movement. The DoL made a concerted effort to ensure African Americans were represented in labor unions across the country.

Average Pay of an Employee in the Department of Labor

Year Average Pay
2004 $79101.66
2005 $82183.10
2006 $85542.81
2007 $88375.65
2008 $93082.80
2009 $95181.29
2010 $96772.53
2011 $94830.03
2012 $93990.69
2013 $96174.19
2014 $98333.99
2015 $99180.09
2016 $101346.93
2017 $104733.08
2018 $108205.25
2019 $111294.71
2020 $114702.83
2021 $117687.51

Agencies in the Department of Labor (2021)

Agency Employee Count Total Salary Expense Average Pay
Bureau of Labor Statistics 2,227 $226.68M $101,789
Occupational Safety and Health Administration 1,884 $178.98M $103,699
Mine Safety and Health Administration 1,667 $148.34M $97,148
Wage and Hour Division 1,515 $133.89M $98,961
Office of Workers' Compensation Programs 1,395 $139.86M $100,399
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Administration and Management 1,128 $135.5M $122,407
Employment and Training Administration 1,021 $120.43M $117,953
Employee Benefits Security Administration 802 $37.62M $118,685
Office of the Solicitor (Department of Labor) 643 $89.01M $138,425
Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs 418 $46.16M $110,429
Office of the Inspector General (Department of Labor) 313 $22.64M $132,404
Office of the Secretary of Labor 310 $37.53M $121,068
Veterans Employment and Training Services 239 $24.04M $108,296
Office of Labor-Management Standards 191 $5.05M $101,036
Bureau of International Labor Affairs 143 $17.71M $123,854
Office of the Chief Financial Officer (Department of Labor) 87 $9.71M $111,661
Office of Disability Employment Policy 56 $7.12M $127,126
Office of Public Affairs 48 $6.26M $130,460
Women's Bureau 47 $5.71M $121,546
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy 45 $6.52M $144,808
Office of Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs 15 $2.09M $139,283

Data Sources

The information provided on these pages is sourced from the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) Enterprise Human Resources Integration (EHRI) dataset. Postal Service data is managed exclusively by the USPS . All information is displayed unmodified and as provided by the source agency.

Federal employee salaries are public information under open government laws (5 U.S.C. § 552). FederalPay provides this data in the interest of government transparency — employee data may not be used for commercial soliciting or vending of any kind. Learn more about the FederalPay Employees Dataset here.

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** This Document Provided By - The Civil Employee's Resource **